Dogs


Owning a companion dog is one of the most rewarding experiences many of us will have. However, when considering the purchase of a puppy, don’t discount the possibility of ‘adopting’ one. At any given time there are many puppies and dogs in animal shelters just waiting for the opportunity to live a happy and healthy life in a loving home.

Once you have your puppy, the sooner you can enrol into ‘puppy school’ the better. Rather than actually training a puppy, Puppy School is really about giving you the required skills which will enable you to teach your puppy to become the kind of pet you want him to be. A few hard yards in the early weeks of puppy ownership will pay handsome dividends for years to come. It is imperative to also remember that if your puppy has a bad habit, this needs to be addressed and corrected prior to it reaching the age of 18 weeks. After 18 weeks of age it is very difficult to break bad habits.

Whether you are getting a puppy or a rescue dog, it is also important to be consistent from day one – if you give your dog a tit bit from your plate whilst seated at the dining room table, you can hardly be cross with him for hanging around every time you eat a meal.

 

For more information:

Dog Time – Am I Ready For a Dog?

Bustle – 10 Things you Must Know Before Getting a Puppy

 

Not all dogs are created equal – Below is a list of dog breeds and the pros and cons of owning them.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP – Q – RST – U – VW – X – Y – Z

200px-Affenpinscher Affenpinscher The Affenpinscher is also known as the Monkey Terrier, is a terrier-like toy breed of dog.  The breed is German in origin and dates back to the seventeenth century.  An Affenpinscher generally weighs 6.5 to 13.2 pounds (2.9 to 6.0 kg) and stands 9 to 12 inches (23 to 30 cm) tall at the withers.  They are active, adventurous, curious, and stubborn, but they are also fun-loving and playful. The breed is confident, lively, affectionate towards family members and is also very protective of them.  This loyal little dog enjoys being with its family. It needs consistent, firm training since some can be quite difficult to housebreak.

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Afghan_Hound Afghan Hound The Afghan Hound is a hound that is distinguished by its thick, fine, silky coat and its tail with a ring curl at the end. The breed acquired its unique features in the cold mountains of Afghanistan.  The Afghan Hound is tall, standing in height 61–74 cm (24–29 inches) and weighing 20–27 kg (45–60 pounds).   The temperament of the typical Afghan Hound can be aloof and dignified, but happy and clownish when it’s playing. This breed, as is the case with many sighthounds, has a high prey drive and may not get along with small animals.

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200px-Airedale_Terrier Airedale Terrier The Airedale Terrier is also called Bingley Terrier and Waterside Terrier and is a terrier type that originated in the valley of the River Aire, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is traditionally called the “King of Terriers” because it is the largest of the terrier breeds.  They weigh 20–30 kilograms (44–66 lb) in fit condition and have a height at the withers of 58–61 centimetres (23–24 in) for males, with females slightly smaller.  The Airedale can be used as a working dog and also as a hunting dog. Airedales exhibit some herding characteristics as well, and have a propensity to chase animals. He is swift, formidable, graceful, big of brain, an ideal chum and guard.  To his master he is an adoring pal.

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200px-Japaneseakita Akita The Akita is a large breed of dog originating from the mountainous northern regions of Japan.  males measure typically 26–28 inches (66–71 cm) at the withers and weigh between 100–130 lb (45–59 kg).  Mature females typically measure 24–26 inches (61–66 cm) and weigh between 70–100 lb (32–45 kg). American Akitas are a low maintenance dog breed. Grooming them should be an easy process.  The Akita is generally seen as territorial about its property, and can be reserved with strangers.  It is sometimes described as feline in its actions; it is not unusual for an Akita to clean its face after eating, to preen its kennel mate, and to be fastidious in the house. They are known to be intolerant of other dogs of the same sex.

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200px-Alaskanmalamute0b Alaskan Malamute The Alaskan Malamute is a large breed of domestic dog originally bred for hauling heavy freight because of their strength and endurance, and later a sled dog.  The desired size is 23 inches (58 cm) tall and 75 pounds (34 kg) for females, 25 inches (64 cm) tall and 85 pounds (39 kg) for males.  Malamutes are very fond of people, a trait that makes them particularly sought-after family dogs, but unreliable watchdogs. Malamutes are nimble around furniture and smaller items, making them ideal house dogs, provided they get plenty of time outdoors meeting their considerable exercise requirements.

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200px-Anatolian_589 Anatolian Shepherd Dog The Anatolian Shepherd Dog originated in Anatolia (central Turkey). It is rugged, large and very strong, with superior sight and hearing that allow it to protect livestock.  With its high speed and agility it is able to run down a predator with great efficiency.  They have thick necks, broad heads and study bodies. The Anatolian Shepherd dog was developed to be independent and forceful, responsible for guarding its master’s flocks without human assistance or direction. These traits make it challenging as a pet; owners of dogs of this breed must socialize the dogs to turn them into appropriate companions. They are intelligent and can learn quickly but might choose not to obey.

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200px-ACD-blue-spud Australian Cattle Dog The Australian Cattle Dog, or simply Cattle Dog, is a breed of herding dog originally developed in Australia for droving cattle over long distances across rough terrain. The Australian Cattle Dog is a medium-sized, short-coated dog that occurs in two main colour forms. It has either brown or black hair distributed fairly evenly through a white coat, which gives the appearance of a “red” or “blue” dog.  The Australian Cattle Dog is energetic and intelligent with an independent streak. It responds well to structured training, particularly if it is interesting and challenging.  Like many working dogs, the Australian Cattle Dog has high energy levels, an active mind, and a level of independence

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Hilu_the_Australian_Kelpie_dog Australian Kelpie The Australian Kelpie, or simply Kelpie, is an Australian sheep dog successful at mustering and droving with little or no guidance. It is a medium-sized dog and comes in a variety of colours. The Kelpie has been exported throughout the world and is used to muster livestock, primarily sheep, cattle and goats.  Working Kelpies vary in size, ranging from about 19 inches (48cm) to as much as 25 inches (63.5cm) and from 28-60 lbs (12.7-27 kg). The dog’s working ability is unrelated to appearance, so stockmen looking for capable working dogs disregard the dog’s appearance.  Show Kelpies generally excel in agility trials and may be shown in conformation in Australia.

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Australia Shepard Australian Shepherd The Australian Shepherd is a medium size breed of dog that was developed on ranches in the western United States. Despite its name, the breed was not developed in Australia.  The Australian shepherd is a medium-sized breed of solid build. They can be anywhere from 30–65 pounds (14–29 kg) and anywhere from 17–26 inches (43–66 cm) in height.  The breed is typically highly energetic, requiring a great deal of exercise and attention; although, some can be calm and easy-going.  An Australian shepherd enjoys working, whether it is learning and practicing tricks, competing in dog agility, or engaging in any other physically and mentally involving activity.

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Silkyterrier125 Australian Silky Terrier The Australian Silky Terrier is a small breed of dog of the terrier dog type. The breed was developed in Australia, although the ancestral types and breeds were from Great Britain.  The Australian Silky Terrier is a small and compact short-legged terrier, 23 to 26 cm (9.1 to 10.2 in) at the withers, alert and active. The long silky grey and white or blue and tan coat is an identifying feature, hanging straight and parted along the back, and described as “flat, fine and glossy”.  The breed standard describe the ideal Australian Silky Terrier temperament as keenly alert and active.  They love to be given chances to run and play, but must have a tightly fenced yard. They also enjoy brisk walks and playing ball.

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Australian_Terrier_002_U Australian Terrier The Australian Terrier is a small breed of dog of the terrier dog type. The breed was developed in Australia, although the ancestral types of dogs from which the breed descends were from Great Britain.  It is a small dog with short legs, weighing around 6.5 kilograms (14 lb) and standing about 25 centimetres (9.8 in) at the withers, with a medium length shaggy harsh double coat that is not normally trimmed.  The breed standard describes the ideal Australian Terrier temperament as spirited, alert, “with the natural aggressiveness of a ratter and hedge hunter”. Aussies rank 34th in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs, being of above average “Working and Obedience” intelligence, indicating good trainability.

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200px-Azawakh-Red_male_black_mantle Azawakh The Azawakh is a sighthound dog breed from Africa.  It is a swift, high-bred coursing hound, almond eyed, thin and moves with a distinctly feline gait.  The standards call for a hound from 33 to 55 pounds (15 to 25 kg); its height is 24 to 29 inches (61 to 74 cm). The coat is very short and almost absent on the belly.  Azawakh have high energy and tremendous endurance.  With those they accept, they are gentle and extremely affectionate. With strangers many are reserved and prefer not to be touched, but are not inherently aggressive. Although raised to protect livestock, they do not have innate aggression toward canines or humans unless they are threatened.

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200px-Basenji_600 Basenji The Basenji is a breed of hunting dog. It was bred from stock that originated in central Africa.   The Basenji produces an unusual yodel-like sound commonly called a barroo, due to its unusually shaped larynx.  This trait also gives the Basenji the nickname “soundless dog”.  Basenjis are small, short-haired dogs with erect ears, tightly curled tails and graceful necks.  Basenjis typically weigh about 9.1–10.9 kg (20–24 lb) and stand 41–46 cm (16–18 in) at the shoulder.  The Basenji is alert, energetic, curious and reserved with strangers. The Basenji tends to become emotionally attached to a single human. Basenjis may not get along with non-canine pets. Basenjis dislike wet weather, like to climb, and can easily get over chain wire fences

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200px-Bluebasset Basset Hound The Basset Hound is a short-legged breed of dog of the hound family, as well as one of six recognised Basset breeds in France. The Basset is a scent hound that was originally bred for the purpose of hunting hare.  Bassets are large, short, solid and long, with curved sabre tails held high over their long backs. An adult dog weighs between 20 and 35 kilograms (44 and 77 lb). This breed, relative to size, is heavier-boned than any other.  The coat of a Basset is medium-short, smooth and hard, and sheds frequently.  The Basset Hound is a friendly, outgoing, and playful dog, tolerant of children and other pets.

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200px-Beagle_600 Beagle The Beagle is a small-sized hound, similar in appearance to the much larger foxhound. The Beagle is a scent hound, developed primarily for hunting hare.  The Beagle is intelligent but single-minded. A popular pet due to its size, good temper, and lack of inherited health problems.  The Beagle has an even temper and gentle disposition. Described in several breed standards as “merry”, they are amiable and typically neither aggressive nor timid, although this depends on the individual. They enjoy company, and although they may initially be standoffish with strangers, they are easily won over. They make poor guard dogs for this reason.

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200px-Bearded_Collie_600 Bearded Collie The Bearded Collie, or Beardie, is a herding breed of dog once used primarily by Scottish shepherds, but now mostly a popular family companion.  Bearded Collies have an average weight of 18–27 kilograms (40–60 lb). Males are around 53–56 centimetres (21–22 in) tall at the withers while females are around 51–53 centimetres (20–21 in) tall.  Bearded Collies make excellent pets for those willing to accommodate their high energy level – they are very enthusiastic and have a bouncy nature. They also require regular grooming; weekly brushing is mandatory for keeping their long hair mat-free.  A loyal and family-friendly dog, the Beardie can add years of pet-ownership enjoyment to the home. They have keen problem-solving abilities, and are entertaining to watch.

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200px-Bedlington_Terriers Bedlington Terrier The Bedlington Terrier is a breed of small dog it was originally bred to hunt vermin in mines.  It is described as a very versatile yet contradictory dog, being both good with children and “fit to kill any other dog of his weight”.  Bedlingtons are sharp and plucky. Their bark has been called hound-like.  They are fast dogs with high endurance,just as quick in water as it is on land, and their swimming speed rivals that of the Newfoundland.  Bedlington Terriers “have pace enough to keep up with the ordinary speed of a horse.” Because of the Whippet in their lineage, they have a tendency to bolt.  The breed is noted as being “mild” and “gentle” and as being good with children.  The breed is soft in temperament, companionable, demonstrative, loyal, and a quiet housedog.

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200px-Malinois_rybnik-kamien_pl Belgian Malinois The Malinois is a medium to large breed of dog, sometimes classified as a variety of the Belgian Shepherd dog rather than as a separate breed.  The breed is used as a working dog for tasks including detection of odours such as explosives, accelerants (for arson investigation), and narcotics.  Males are about 61–66 cm (24–26 in), while females are about 56–61 cm (22–24 in) at the withers. Female Malinois are said to average 25–30 kg (55–66 lb), while males are heavier at 29–34 kg (64–75 lb).  Well-raised and trained Malinois are usually active, intelligent, friendly, protective, alert and hard-working. Belgian Malinois exhibit energy levels that are among the highest of all dog breeds.

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200px-Tervueren Belgian Tervuren The Tervuren (sometimes spelled Tervueren), is named after a village in Belgium.  The Tervuren is a medium-sized, square-proportioned dog in the Herding dog group. Males stand between 24 and 26 inches, and weigh approximately 56 lb. Females are finer and smaller.  Tervurens are highly energetic, intelligent dogs who require a job to keep them occupied. This can be herding, obedience, agility, flyball, tracking, or protection work. They are also found working as Search and Rescue (SAR) dogs, finding missing people and avalanche victims. Tervurens that are not kept sufficiently busy can become hyperactive or destructive.

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bernmountdog Bernese Mountain Dog The Bernese Mountain Dog, called in German the Berner Sennenhund, is a large-sized breed of dog, one of the four breeds of Sennenhund-type dogs from the Swiss Alps.  Like the other Sennenhunde, the Bernese mountain dog is a large, heavy dog. Height at the withers is 25–27.5 in (64–70 cm) for males, while it is 23–26 in (58–66 cm) for females. Weight is 80–120 lb (35–55 kg) for males, while it is 75–100 lb (35–45 kg) for females.  The breed standard for the Bernese mountain dog states that dogs should not be “aggressive, anxious or distinctly shy”, but rather should be “good-natured”, “self-assured”, “placid towards strangers”, and “docile”.

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Bichon Frisé Bichon Frise A Bichon Frise is aFrench name meaning curly lap dog.  It  is a small breed of dog of the Bichon type.  The Bichon Frise is a small dog that weighs approximately 5–10 kg (10–20 lbs) and stands 23–30 cm (9–12 in) at the withers, but slightly larger dogs are not uncommon.  The Bichon Frise could be described as “merry” and “cheerful”, and the breed standard calls for a dog that is “gentle mannered, sensitive, playful and affectionate”. The Bichon Frise loves human company and demands much of your attention.  Bichons do well with children because they are playful and have lots of energy.

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200px-Black_and_Tan_Coonhound Black and Tan Coonhound The Black and Tan Coonhound was developed in the United States from crosses between the Bloodhound and the Black and Tan Virginia Foxhound, this coonhound runs its game entirely by scent and is used primarily for trailing and treeing raccoons.  Black and Tan Coonhound males should be 25–27 inches (64–69 cm) in height with females slightly smaller at 23–25 inches (58–64 cm).  The coat is short, dense and glossy.  The Black and Tan Coonhound makes a suitable pet: it is mellow, amiable, calm, and unobtrusive indoors; outdoors, its strong hunting instinct takes over and it can be difficult to turn it from tracking after it starts trailing. As befitting a dog with its heritage, it is strong, independent, and stubborn.

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200px-Bloodhound_800 Bloodhound The bloodhound is a large scent hound, originally bred for hunting deer and wild boar and since the Middle Ages used for tracking people.  This breed is famed for its ability to discern human scent over great distances, even days later.  Bloodhounds weigh from 36 to 50 kg (80 to 110 lbs), though some individuals weigh as much as 72 kg (160 lb).  Compared to other purebred dogs, Bloodhounds suffer an unusually high rate of gastrointestinal ailments. Bloodhounds in a 2004 UK Kennel Club survey had a median longevity of 6.75 years, which makes them one of the shortest-lived of dog breeds.

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200px-BluetickCoonhound Bluetick Coonhound The Bluetick Coonhound is a breed of Coonhound originating in the United States.  The Bluetick Coonhound is muscular and speedy, not chunky or clumsily built.  Bluetick Coonhounds are bred to be hunting dogs. They are athletic, hardy, and need a full-time job or activity such as hunting, obedience, or agility to stay happy. They can be challenging to train and they should be monitored around cats or other small animals. They are, like their hound counterparts, very intelligent breeds, with an uncanny knack for problem-solving.

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200px-Border_Collie_600 Border Collie The Border Collie is a working and herding dog breed developed in the Anglo-Scottish border region for herding livestock, especially sheep. It was specifically bred for intelligence and obedience.  In general, Border Collies are medium-sized dogs with a moderate amount of coat, which is often thick and frequently sheds.  Border Collies require considerable daily physical exercise and mental stimulation. The Border Collie is an intelligent dog breed;  in fact, it is widely considered to be the most intelligent dog breed. Although the primary role of the Border Collie is being a livestock herding dog, this type of breed is becoming increasingly popular as a pet.

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Border_Terrier Border Terrier The Border Terrier is a small, rough-coated breed of dog of the terrier group and were originally bred as fox and vermin hunters.  Identifiable by their otter-shaped heads.  Border Terriers have a broad skull and short (although many are fairly long), strong muzzle with a scissors bite.  Though sometimes stubborn and strong willed, border terriers are, on the whole very even tempered, and are friendly and rarely aggressive. They are very good with children, but may chase cats and any other small pets.  They are intelligent and eager to please, but they retain the capacity for independent thinking and initiative.

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200px-Borzoi_female Borzoi The Borzoi, also called the Russian wolfhound, is a breed of domestic dog.  Descended from dogs brought to Russia from central Asian countries, it is similar in shape to a greyhound, and is also a member of the sighthound family and can generally be described as “long-haired greyhounds”.  Borzoi males frequently weigh more than 100 pounds (45 kg). Males stand at least 30 inches (76 cm) at the shoulder, while the height of females is around 26 inches (66 cm).  The borzoi is a quiet, but athletic and independent dog. Most borzois are almost silent, barking only very rarely. They do not have strong territorial drives and cannot be relied on to raise the alarm upon sighting a human intruder. The borzoi is extremely smart and requires patient, experienced handling.

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200px-BostonTerrierBrindleStand_w Boston Terrier The Boston Terrier is a breed of dog originating in the United States. The average life span of a Boston is around 11 to 13 years, though some can live well into their teens.  The Boston Terrier is a compactly-built, well-proportioned dog. It has a square-looking head with erect ears and a slightly arched neck. The muzzle is short and generally wrinkle-free, with an even or a slightly undershot bite. The chest is broad and the tail is short. The Boston Terrier is a gentle breed that typically has a strong, happy-go-lucky, and friendly personality.  They can be very protective of their owners, which may result in aggressive and territorial behaviour toward other pets and strangers. The breed requires only a minimum amount of grooming.

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200px-Bouvier Bouvier des Flandres The Bouvier des Flandres is a herding dog breed originating in Flanders.  The monks at the Ter Duinen monastery in Flanders were among the earliest known breeders of Flanders.  The Bouvier is a powerfully built compact rough coated dog of rugged appearance. It gives the impression of size and strength without clumsiness or heaviness.  Bouviers des Flandres are rational, gentle, loyal, and protective by nature. The breed’s particular blend of characteristics makes them good family pets, as well as keen guard dogs. Unlike some animals bred for aggressive nature and power, the Bouvier possesses sophisticated traits, such as complex control, intelligence, and accountability.

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200px-Boxer_(dog) Boxer The Boxer is a breed of medium-sized, short-haired dogs developed in Germany.   The head is the most distinctive feature of the Boxer. The breed standard dictates that it must be in perfect proportion to the body and above all it must never be too light.  Boxers were originally a docked and cropped breed, however this practice has now been prohibited in many countries.  The character of the Boxer is of the greatest importance and demands the most solicitous attention. He is renowned from olden times for his great love and faithfulness to his master and household. He is harmless in the family, but can be distrustful of strangers, bright and friendly of temperament at play, but brave and determined when aroused.

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brancoitaliano Bracco Italiano The Bracco Italiano is a breed of dog developed in Italy as a versatile gun dog.  The Bracco – or Italian Pointer- should be athletic and powerful in appearance, most resembling a cross between a German Shorthaired Pointer and a Bloodhound, although it is nothing like them in character.  Braccos are very much a people-loving dog and thrive on human companionship, having a strong need to be close to their people. They are a particularly good family dog, and many have a strong love of children. Obedience training is a must for a Bracco, and the more is asked of them, the better they do.

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Briard_fauve Briard The Briard is an ancient breed of large herding dog, originally from France.  The Briard’s modern-day roles include police, military and search-and-rescue work, as well as companion dog.  The breed characteristics of the Briard, are of a medium-sized, rugged, agile dog, having harsh coat and double dewclaws mounted low on each rear leg, resembling additional toes.  The Briard can be tawny, black or gray however there are variations in each colour. Briards stand 58 to 69 cm (22 to 27 inches) at the withers. The Briard is a very loyal and protective breed, and is sometimes called “a heart of gold wrapped in fur”. Once they have bonded to their family members, they will be very protective.

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brittany Brittany The Brittany is a breed of gun dog bred primarily for bird hunting.  A Brittany is typically quite athletic, compact, energetic, and solidly built without being heavy. Their heads are of average size with floppy ears, expressions usually of intelligence, vigour, and alertness, and gait elastic, long, and free.  The Brittany was originally bred as a hunting dog and noted for being easy to train and sweet-natured. The breed is generally more sensitive to correction than other hunters, and harsh corrections are often unnecessary. Brittanys can become very shy if not thoroughly socialised at a young age, and even among well-socialised dogs there is significant variation in levels of friendliness.

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200px-Bull_Terrier_Chico_10 Bull Terrier The Bull Terrier is a breed of dog in the terrier family. There is also a miniature version of this breed which is officially known as the Miniature Bull Terrier.  The Bull Terrier’s most recognisable feature is its head, described as ‘egg-shaped’ when viewed from the front; the top of the skull is almost flat.  Bull Terriers can be both independent and stubborn and for this reason are not considered suitable for an inexperienced dog owner. Although obstinate, they are particularly good with people.  Their personality is described as courageous, full of spirit, with a fun-loving attitude, a children-loving dog and a perfect family member.

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bulldog Bulldog The Bulldog is a medium-sized breed of dog commonly referred to as the English Bulldog or British Bulldog.  The Bulldog is a breed with characteristically wide head and shoulders.  Bulldogs are one of the few breeds whose tail is naturally short and either straight or screwed and thus is not cut or docked as with some other breeds. Generally, Bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other dogs, and pets.  They can become so attached to home and family, that they will not venture out of the yard without a human companion. They are also more likely to sleep on someone’s lap than chase a ball around the yard.

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200px-Brutus_bullmastiff Bullmastiff The Bullmastiff is a large-size breed of domestic dog, with a solid build and a short muzzle. The Bullmastiff shares the characteristics of molosser dogs, and was originally developed by 19th-century gamekeepers to guard estates.  Males should be 25–27 inches (64–69 cm) tall at the withers and 110–130 pounds (50–59 kg). Females should be 24–26 inches (61–66 cm) at the withers, and 90–120 pounds (41–54 kg). Bullmastiffs are strong, powerful but sensitive dogs. For a Bullmastiff to become a well-behaved family member, consistency is needed. Training and socialisation is of high importance as the breed can be independent.

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200px-Cairn-Terrier-Garten1 Cairn Terrier The Cairn Terrier is one of the oldest of the terrier breeds, originating in the Scottish Highlands and recognised as one of Scotland’s earliest working dogs.  The Cairn Terrier has a harsh weather-resistant outer coat that can be black, cream, wheaten, red, sandy, grey, or brindled in any of these colours.  These dogs are generally healthy and live on average about 12 to 17 years.  Cairn Terriers should have a fenced-in yard, or be kept on a leash. Cairns are particularly stubborn; ethical breeders will strongly suggest obedience school or some other type of training to direct Cairn Terrier’s focus on the owner as the one in command.

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200px-CanaanDog3 Canaan Dog Canaan dog a breed of pariah dog and the national dog breed of Israel, has been part of the Middle Eastern landscape for thousands of years.  The Canaan dog is a typical primitive dog in appearance. It is a medium-sized squae built dog, with a wedge-shaped head, erect and low set ears with a broad base and rounded tips.  Canaan dogs have a strong survival instinct. They are quick to react and wary of strangers, and will alert to any disturbances with prompt barking, thus making them excellent watchdogs. Though defensive, they are not aggressive and are very good with children within the family, but may be wary of other children or defensive when your child is playing with another child.

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200px-Cane_corso_temi_2_1024x768x24 Cane Corso The Cane Corso, from Italian Cane (dog) and Corso (either meaning courtyard or guard), also known as the Italian Mastiff, is a large Italian breed of dog, for years valued highly in Italy as a companion, Guard dog and hunter.  Ideally dogs should stand 58–70 cm (23–28 in) at the withers, with females in the lower range (58–66 cm (23–26 in)) and males in the higher (62–70 cm (24–28 in)).  The Cane Corso is not recommended for novice dog owners. As a puppy, it requires strong leadership and consistent training and it is highly encouraged to begin socialisation as soon as possible. Ideally the Cane Corso should be indifferent when approached and should only react in a protective manner when a real threat is present.

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200px-Cardigan_Welsh_Corgi_600 Cardigan Welsh Corgi The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of two separate dog breeds known as Welsh corgis that originated in Wales, the other being the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. It is one of the oldest herding breeds.  It is a long, low dog with upright ears and a fox brush tail.  An average Cardigan is around 10.5 to 13 inches (270 to 330 mm) tall at the withers and weighs from 30 to 38 pounds (14 to 17 kg) for the male and 25 to 34 pounds (11 to 15 kg) for the female.  Cardigans are affectionate, devoted companions that can also be alert and responsible guardians. If socialised at a young age, they can be nice with other dogs and house pets.

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cavkingcharles Cavalier King Charles Spaniel The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small spaniel classed as a toy dog originating in the United Kingdom where it is one of the most popular breeds. Breed standards state that height of a Cavalier should be between 12 to 13 inches (30 to 33 cm) with a proportionate weight between 10 to 18 pounds (4.5 to 8.2 kg). The breed is highly affectionate, playful, extremely patient and eager to please. As such, dogs of the breed are good with children and other dogs. Cavaliers are not shy about socialising with much larger dogs

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200px-Cesky-Terier Cesky Terrier The Cesky Terrier (literally Bohemian Terrier or Czech Terrier) is a small terrier type dog originating in Czechoslovakia. The Cesky Terrier is a well-muscled, short legged, well-pigmented, hunting terrier of a rectangular format. Height at withers Ideally 11.5 inches (290 mm) for a male and 10.5 inches (270 mm) for a female; no less than 9.5 inches (240 mm) and no more than 12.5 inches (320 mm). Weight is ideally between 13 and 22 pounds (5.9 and 10.0 kg). The breed standard calls for a calm dog, and aggression is a disqualifying fault. Cesky Terriers are reputed to be less active and quieter than other terriers. This may or may not make them suitable pets for families with children.

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200px-CH_Chesapeake Chesapeake Bay Retriever The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is a large-sized breed of dog belonging to the Retriever, Gundog, and Sporting breed groups. Distinctive features include eyes that are very clear, of yellowish or amber hue, hindquarters as high or a trifle higher than the shoulders, and a double-coat that tends to wave on shoulders, neck, back, and loins. The quintessential Chesapeake Bay Retriever has a bright and happy disposition, intelligence, quiet good sense, and an affectionate protective nature. Some can be quite vocal when happy, and some will ‘smile’ by baring their front teeth in a peculiar grin – this is not a threat but a sign of joy or submissiveness. They can make excellent family dogs when socialised properly.

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200px-Chihuahua1_bvdb Chihuahua The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog and is named for the state of Chihuahua in Mexico.  There are two varieties of Chihuahua – the Smooth Coat (short haired) and the Long Coat.  Their height ranges between 15 and 23 cm (6 and 9 in), however, some dogs grow as tall as 30 to 38 cm (12 to 15 in).  The temperament of its owner can make a difference in the temperament of the pup. Tempered Chihuahuas can be easily provoked to attack and are therefore generally unsuitable for homes with small children.  The breed tends to be fiercely loyal to one particular person and in some cases may become over protective of the person, especially around other people or animals.

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chinesecrested Chinese Crested The Chinese crested dog is a hairless breed of dog. Like most hairless dog breeds, the Chinese crested comes in two varieties, with and without fur, which are born in the same litter: the Powder Puff and the Hairless. Both varieties require certain amounts of grooming. Lifespan 12– 14 years – although many have been known to live much longer, Weight 7-12 lbs. Height 10-13 inches. Being a very intelligent breed, this dog does well in obedience type sports. Consistency is a must, however this breed can be relatively sensitive and should have a gentle trainer. The Powderpuff is great at learning and performing tricks.

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200px-BandWSharPei Chinese Shar-Pei The Shar Pei, or Chinese Shar-Pei, is a breed of dog known for its distinctive features of deep wrinkles and a blue-black tongue. Small, triangle ears, and a high-set tail also give the Shar Pei a unique look. All Shar-Pei puppies need early socialisation with children, strangers, and other animals. Some people may experience a sensitivity to the harshness of the coat of either length. This is a mild, short-lived rash that can develop on the skin that has been in contact with the coat, most commonly on the forearms. The Shar Pei is often suspicious of strangers, which pertains to their origin as a guard dog. It is a very independent and reserved breed.

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200px-ChowChow2Szczecin Chow Chow The Chow Chow (sometimes simply Chow) is a dog breed originally from northern China. The Chow is a unique breed of dog thought to be one of the oldest recognisable breeds. Research indicates it is one of the first primitive breeds to evolve from the wolf. The Chow Chow is a sturdily built dog, square in profile, with a broad skull and small, triangular, erect ears with rounded tips. Most commonly kept as pets, Chow Chows tend to display discernment of strangers and can become fiercely protective of their owners and property. They are not excessively active, meaning that they can be housed in an apartment. However, if living in an apartment will need daily exercise to prevent restlessness and boredom.

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200px-Rough_Collie_600 Collie The collie is a distinctive type of herding dog, including many related landraces and formal breeds. The breed originated in Scotland and Northern England. The collie is a medium-sized, fairly lightly built dog, with a pointed snout. Collies are very active and agile, and most types of collies have a very strong herding instinct. Collies are generally medium-sized dogs of about 22 to 32 kg (48 to 70 lb) and light to medium-boned. Collies range in trainability from the “average” to very biddable

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200px-Coton_de_Tular_1 Coton de Tulear The Coton de Tuléar is a breed of small dog named for the city of Tuléar in Madagascar and for its cotton-like coat.  The Coton de Tuléar has a medium-to-long, fluffy, cotton-like coat that is considered hair rather than fur.  It is a non-shedding breed.  The Coton’s weight is 4 to 6 kg (8.8 to 13.2 lb) for males and 3.5 to 5 kg (7.7 to 11.0 lb) for females, with height of 25 to 30 cm (9.8 to 11.8 in) tall for males and 22 to 27 cm (8.7 to 10.6 in) for females.  The Coton is a playful, affectionate, intelligent breed. Although generally quiet, it can become very vocal — grunting, barking, and making other noises when having fun. Cotons are known to have a habit of jumping up and walking on their hind legs to please people.

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200px-Curly_Coated_Retriever Curly-Coated Retriever The Curly Coated Retriever was originally bred in England for upland bird and waterfowl hunting. It is the tallest of the retrievers and is easily distinguishable by the mass of tight curls covering its body. Males to stand between 25 and 27 inches (64 and 69 cm) at the withers, and for females to be between 23 and 25 inches (58 and 64 cm). The Curly Coated Retriever was originally developed as a gun dog and their temperament and conformation reflect this purpose. Curlies are still used in many countries as bird hunting companions, including in both upland and waterfowl hunting. Like most retrievers, they are valued as pets and are a lively and fun-loving breed

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200px-Short-haired-Dachshund Dachshund The dachshund is a short-legged, long-bodied, hound-type dog breed. A typical dachshund is long-bodied and muscular with short, stubby legs. Its front paws are unusually large and paddle-shaped for extreme digging. There are three dachshund coat varieties: smooth coat (short hair), longhaired, and wirehaired. Dachshunds are playful, but as hunting dogs can be quite stubborn, and are known for their propensity for chasing small animals, birds, and tennis balls with great determination and ferocity. Many dachshunds are stubborn, making them a challenge to train

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200px-Dalmatian_liver_stacked Dalmatian The Dalmatian is a breed of large dog, noted for its unique black or liver spotted coat and mainly used as a carriage dog in its early days. Its roots trace back to Croatia and its historical region of Dalmatia. The Dalmatian is a large, well-defined, muscular dog with excellent endurance and stamina. They stand from 19 to 23 inches (48 to 58 cm) tall, with males usually slightly larger than females. Dalmatians are a relatively healthy and easy to keep breed. Like other breeds, Dalmatians display a propensity towards certain health problems specific to their breed, such as deafness, allergies and urinary stones. They are a popular family breed.

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200px-Dandie_Dinmont_Terrier_600 Dandie Dinmont Terrier A Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a small Scottish breed of dog in the terrier family. The breed has a very long body, short legs, and a distinctive “top-knot” of hair on the head. The typical height at the withers is 8–11 inches (20–28 cm), and they can weigh anywhere between 18–24 pounds (8.2–10.9 kg). The coat comes in two colour ranges, either “pepper” or “mustard”. The depth of the coat can reach up to 2 inches (5.1 cm). The breed is tough but usually friendly, and are suitable for older children. It makes both a good companion and a guard dog, but are among the most docile of the terrier breeds and are usually quite undemanding of their owners.

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200px-European_Dobermann Doberman Pinscher The Doberman Pinscher or Dobermann, or Doberman, is a medium-large breed of domestic dog originally developed around 1890.  The Doberman is a mixture of breeds that include the Great Dane, the Greyhound, the German Shorthaired Pointer and the Rottweiler.  Doberman Pinschers as dogs of medium-large size with a square build and short coat.  The male generally weighs between 40–45 kilograms (88–99 lb) and the female between 32–35 kilograms (71–77 lb).  Although they are considered to be working dogs, they are often stereotyped as being ferocious and aggressive.  They can easily learn to ‘Respect and Protect’ their owners, and are therefore considered to be excellent guard dogs that protect their loved ones. They are generally sociable toward humans and can be with other dogs.

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200px-Dogo_de_Burdeos Dogue de Bordeaux The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French Mastiff breed—and one of the most ancient French dog breeds. The Dogue de Bordeaux is a well balanced, muscular and massive dog with a powerful build. The Dogue’s size should come mostly from width and muscles, rather than height. The standard states that the desirable height, at maturity, should range between 231⁄2 to 27 inches (60 to 69 cm) for male dogs and from 23 to 26 inches (58 to 66 cm) for females. They do have some health issues with the average lifespan of the breed 5 to 6 year.

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200px-EnglishCockerSpaniel_wb English Cocker Spaniel The English Cocker Spaniel is a breed of gun dog.  It is a sturdy, compact, well-balanced dog. It has a characteristic expression showing intelligence and alertness.  They average between 15.5 and 16 inches (39 and 41 cm) at the withers with the females a little smaller, growing to between 15 and 15.5 inches (38 and 39 cm). Both males and females of the breed weigh approximately 13–14.5 kilograms (29–32 lb).  Cockers are compassionate, determined, kind, intelligent, athletic, alert and resilient and make great family pets.  The breed does not like being alone, and will bond strongly to an individual person in a family, usually the one who feeds it. Known for optimism, intelligence and adaptability, the breed is extremely loyal and affectionate.

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200px-EnglishSetter9_fx_wb English Setter The English Setter is a medium size breed of dog. It is part of the Setter family, which includes the red Irish Setters, Irish Red and White Setters, and black-and-tan Gordon Setters. Its size can range from 24 inches (61 cm) for females up to 27 inches (69 cm) for males and have an average life span of 11 to 12 years. This breed’s standard temperament is best described as a “Gentleman by Nature”. However, it can also be strong-willed and mischievous, especially if coming from working/field breeding lines. English Setters are energetic, people-oriented dogs, that are well suited to families who can give them attention and activity, or to working with a hunter, where they have a job to do.

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200px-English-Springer-Spaniel_show English Springer Spaniel The English Springer Spaniel is a breed of gun dog in the Spaniel family traditionally used for flushing and retrieving game.  It is a medium-sized compact dog. Its coat is moderately long with feathering on the legs and tail with an average lifespan of twelve to fourteen years.  The typical Spaniel is friendly, eager to please, quick to learn and willing to obey.  An important thing to note as with many dogs is to make sure to socialise your dog as early as possible. In the right circumstances they can be an affectionate and easy-going family dog. Its alertness and attentiveness make it the ideal hunting companion

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200px-Field_spaniel_581 Field Spaniel The Field Spaniel is a medium-sized breed dog of the spaniel type. The Field Spaniel was originally developed for the show ring by competitors who were attempting to develop an all-black Spaniel. They were unpopular with sportsmen as the dark colours of the breed did not show up in hunting conditions. The standard size for a Field Spaniel is 17–18 inches (43–46 cm) tall at the withers and a weight of between 40–55 pounds (18–25 kg). The Field Spaniel can be a good family dog while it has a job to do. They are suitable for dog agility and hunting. Without some sort of purpose, the dog can often try to amuse itself and cause mischief.

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200px-Finnish_Lapphund_Glenchess_Revontuli Finnish Lapphund The Finnish Lapphund is a hardy, easy going, medium-size breed of Spitz type. Traditionally it has been used for herding reindeer. The breed standard is 46 to 52 centimetres (18 to 20 in) at the withers for a male, and a slightly smaller 41 to 47 centimetres (16 to 19 in) for a female. The Lapphund has a profuse double coat, with a short, fluffy undercoat and a longer topcoat. The Finnish Lapphund is a very intelligent and active breed. Finnish Lapphunds take well to training due to their intelligence. Some owners and fanciers claim that “Lappies” even have the ability to think through actions first.

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200px-Finnish_Spitz_600 Finnish Spitz A Finnish Spitz originated in Finland. The breed was originally bred to hunt all types of game from squirrels and other rodents to bears. The Finnish Spitz resembles a fox. The proper conformation is a square build, meaning that the length of the body is the same or slightly shorter than the height of the withers to the ground. Males should measure 17½ to 20 inches (44.5 to 50.8 cm) with females: 15½ to 18 inches (39.4 to 45.7 cm). Their weight should be males: 26–30 lb (12–14 kg) and females: 16–22 lb (7.3–10.0 kg). This breed is active, alert and lively. They need one or two long walks each day and will be fairly inactive indoors.

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Patrick_the_Smooth_Fox_Terrier Fox Terrier Fox Terriers are two different breeds of the terrier dog type: the Smooth Fox Terrier and the Wire Fox Terrier. Both of these breeds originated in Britain. Both breeds should measure 14–15.5 inches (36–39 cm) at the withers, and weigh between 15–19 pounds (6.8–8.6 kg). The Smooth Fox Terrier has a short, hard coat which is predominantly white while the Wire Haired Fox Terrier has a hard and crisp double coat with a coarse texture underneath that provides protection from the cold. The average lifespan of a Fox Terrier is around 15 years.

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Tiger_the_French_Bulldog French Bulldog The French Bulldog is a small breed of domestic dog. The French Bulldog should have the appearance of an active, muscular dog, of heavy bone, smooth coat, compactly built, and of medium or small structure. The French Bulldog, like many other companion dog breeds, requires close contact with humans. They have fairly minimal exercise needs,[9] but do require at least daily short walks. The French Bulldog can also suffer from an assortment of back, disk and spinal diseases and disorders.

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200px-German_Pinscher German Pinscher The German Pinscher is a medium-sized dog, a Pinscher type that originated in Germany usually weighing between 25–45 pounds (11–20 kilograms) and typically 17–20 inches (43–51 centimetres) in height, with a short coat. A well-bred German Pinscher will be a loving companion with an even temperament. When considering adding a German Pinscher to a family, it is advised to be able to meet and touch the mother of the puppy you are offered. German Pinschers are very energetic working dogs, in many cases requiring several hours of exercise a day.

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germanshepard German Shepherd Dog The German Shepherd is a medium to large-sized working dog that originated in Germany. The German Shepherd is a relatively new breed of dog, with their origin dating to 1899. The breed standard height at the withers is 60–65 cm (24–26 in) for males and 55–60 cm (22–24 in) for females. The weight standard is 30–40 kilograms (66–88 lb) for males and 22–32 kilograms (49–71 lb) for females. German Shepherds sport a double coat. The breed is marked by a willingness to learn and an eagerness to have a purpose. They are curious, which makes them excellent guard dogs and suitable for search missions. They can become over-protective of their family and territory, especially if not socialised correctly. They are not inclined to become immediate friends with strangers.

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germainshorthairedpointer German Shorthaired Pointer The German Shorthaired Pointer is a medium to large size dog developed in the 19th century in Germany for hunting. The breed is streamlined yet powerful with strong legs that make it able to move rapidly and turn quickly. The German Shorthaired Pointer’s coat is short and flat with a dense undercoat protected by stiff guard hairs making the coat water resistant and allowing the dog to stay warm in cold weather. Since the German Shorthaired Pointer was developed to be a dog suited to family life as well as a versatile hunter, the correct temperament is that of an intelligent, bold, boisterous, eccentric, and characteristically affectionate dog that is cooperative and easily trained.

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200px-GermanWirehrPtr1_wb German Wirehaired Pointer The German Wirehaired Pointer is a medium to large-sized griffon type breed of dog developed in the 19th century in Germany for hunting. It is a well muscled, medium to large-sized dog of distinctive appearance. The German Wirehaired pointer is affectionate, lively, very determined, active and intelligent. Eager to learn and loyal to its family, it needs a handler who is consistent in approach. They like to be occupied, are vigorous and enjoy working for their owners. These dogs should have the correct temperament to live with children of all ages

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200px-GiantSchnauzer Giant Schnauzer The Giant Schnauzer is a working breed of dog developed in the 17th century in Germany. Although the Giant Schnauzer is called ‘Giant’, this is not in comparison to other large dog breeds. The breed standard calls for male to stand from 25.5 to 27.5 inches (65 to 70 cm) at the withers, and for females to stand from 23.5 to 25.5 inches (60 to 65 cm). Giant Schnauzers are usually a quiet breed. Due to its breeding, the Giant Schnauzer is inherently suspicious of strangers and can be very territorial. Giant Schnauzers have been described as trustworthy with children. They are very intelligent and can become bored easily.

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glenofiaal Glen of Imaal Terrier The Glen of Imaal Terrier is a dog of the terrier category and one of four Irish terrier breeds. Glens were originally used for eradicating vermin such as rat, fox, badger, and otter, and also as a general-purpose farm dog for herding and family companionship. A typical adult Glen weighs about 36 pounds and stands 14″ tall at the withers. The standard specifies a height of 12″ to 14″ and a weight of “approximately” 35 pounds for males and “somewhat less” for females. Glen of Imaal terriers can be energetic and tenacious, but they tend to be more even-tempered, more easygoing, and less vocal than most other terriers. While they love activity, they are not demanding, and are happy to relax by their owner’s side.

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goldendoodle Goldendoodle A Goldendoodle, also known as a Retrodoodle, is a cross-breed obtained by breeding a golden retriever with a poodle. The ranges of size include standard, medium, and miniature. A medium goldendoodle will weigh between 30 to 45 pounds and a miniature goldendoodle will weigh approximately 15 to 30 pounds. They are very loving dogs and are perfect for families with allergies. They are human-oriented dogs, and tend to develop a strong bond with their owners and companions. Their intelligence and strong bond, make them a great family dog for both adults and children.

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200px-Golden_Retriever_standing_Tucker Golden Retriever The Golden Retriever is a large-sized dog bred as gun dogs to retrieve shot waterfowl such as ducks and upland game birds during hunting and shooting parties, and were named ‘retriever’ because of their ability to retrieve shot game undamaged. The Golden Retriever is popular as a disability assistance dog. The Golden Retriever is a large, strongly built breed with a dense, water-repellant wavy coat. Males stand 23 and 24 in (58 and 61 cm) in height at withers; and females 21.5 to 22.5 in (55 to 57 cm). Weight for males is between 29–34 kg (65-75 lb); and females between 27–32 kg (60-70 lb). The temperament of the Golden Retriever is a hallmark of the breed, and is described in the standard as “kindly, friendly and confident”.

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gordonsetter Gordon Setter The Gordon Setter is a large dog, a member of the setter family that also includes both the better-known Irish Setter and the English Setter. A Gordon’s coat is straight or slightly waved (but not curly), long and silky which is a coal-black coat with distinctive markings of a rich chestnut or mahogany colour. They are the heaviest of the setter breeds, with males reaching 27 inches (69 cm) at the withers and up to 80 pounds (36 kg) in weight. The Gordon Setter’s temperament is described as “alert, interested, and confident. He is fearless and willing, intelligent, and capable. He is loyal and affectionate, and strong-minded enough to stand the rigours of training”.

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greatdane Great Dane The Great Dane is a large German domestic dog known for its enormous body and great height. The Great Dane is one of the world’s tallest dog breeds. The male dog should not be less than 30 in (76 cm) at the shoulders, a female 28 in (71 cm). The minimum weight for a Great Dane over eighteen months is 120 lb (54 kg) for males, 100 lb (45 kg) for females. The Great Dane’s large and imposing appearance belies its friendly nature. They are known for seeking physical affection with their owners, and the breed is often referred to as a “gentle giant”. Great Danes are a breed recommended for families provided that they get trained early

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greatpyrenees Great Pyrenees The Pyrenean Mountain Dog, known as the Great Pyrenees in North America, is a large dog used as a livestock guardian dog. They grow to 85–140 pounds (39–64 kg) and 25–32 inches (64–81 cm). On average, their lifespan is 10 to 11 years. The weather resistant double coat consists of a long, flat, thick, outer coat of coarse hair, straight or slightly undulating, and lying over a dense, fine, woolly undercoat. The Great Pyrenees is confident, gentle (especially with children), and affectionate. It is a strong willed, independent and reserved breed. The Great Pyrenees can be slow to learn new commands, slow to obey, and somewhat stubborn to train.

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200px-GraceTheGreyhound Greyhound The Greyhound is a sighthound which has been bred for coursing game and Greyhound racing. Since the rise in large scale adoption of retired racing Greyhounds, it has seen a resurgence in popularity as a family pet. The Greyhound can reach a full speed of 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph) within 30 metres. Males are usually 71 to 76 centimetres (28 to 30 in) tall at the withers and weigh around 27 to 40 kilograms (60 to 88 lb). Females tend to be smaller with shoulder heights ranging from 68 to 71 centimetres (27 to 28 in) and weights from less than 27 to 34 kilograms (60 to 75 lb). Greyhounds are quiet, gentle, and loyal to owners. They are very loving creatures, and they enjoy the company of their humans and other dogs.

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200px-Harrier_tricolour Harrier The Harrier is a medium-sized dog breed of the hound class, used for hunting hares by trailing them. It resembles an English Foxhound but is smaller. Harriers stand between 21 and 24 inches at the shoulder, and adults weigh between 45 and 65 lbs. They do shed, have short hair and hanging ears, and come in a variety of colour patterns. The Harrier is cheerful, sweet-tempered, tolerant of people, and it is excellent with children. This pack dog is good with other dogs, but should be supervised with non-canine pets unless it is raised with them from puppyhood.

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200px-Havanese_cd1 Havanese The Havanese, a breed of Bichon type, is the national dog of Cuba, developed from the now extinct Blanquito de la Habana. The Havanese is small in size and sturdy in structure with a tail carried over its back and ears that drop and fold. While a toy dog, Havanese are sturdy and not overly delicate. Most are 10 to 16 pounds (4.5 to 7.3 kg) and 8.5 to 11.5 inches (22 to 29 cm), with the ideal being 9 to 10.5 inches (23 to 27 cm) at the withers. It is smart and can be easily trained. It is best to train this dog at a young age, because some habits will stick as they become older. Like many toy breeds, the Havanese can be difficult to housebreak.

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inizian Ibizan Hound The Ibizan Hound is a lean, agile dog of the hound family. There are two hair types of the breed: smooth and wire. The more commonly seen type is the smooth. The Ibizan Hound is an elegant and agile breed, with an athletic and attractive outline and a ground-covering springy trot. The Ibizan may range in height, depending on which Standard you follow, from 22 to 29 inches (56 to 74 cm) and weigh from 45 to 65 pounds (20 to 29 kg), males being larger than females. Ibizan Hounds are intelligent, active, and engaging by nature. Ibizan Hounds are “escapologists”: they are able to jump incredible heights from a standstill, so they need very tall fences!

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200px-Irish_Red_And_White_Setter_2005 Irish Red and White Setter The Irish Red and White Setter is a breed of dog, more specifically a setter. It is virtually identical in use and temperament to the related Irish Setter and its other setter cousins, the Gordon and English setters, but is more often found as a working gun dog. males can be up to 27 inches (69 cm) and weigh around 70 lb (32 kg). The American KC is more specific and cites females range in height from 22.5 to 24 inches (57 to 61 cm) and males from 24 to 26 inches (61 to 66 cm) with a weight around 50 to 70 lb (23 to 32 kg). The Irish Red and White setter can be the most devoted and affectionate of dogs making them ideal all-round family dogs. They are extremely intelligent and respond well to proper training but they do need to have plenty to occupy them.

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irishsetter Irish Setter The Irish Setter is a setter, a breed of gundog and family dog. The coat is moderately long, silky, and of a red or chestnut colour. It requires frequent brushing to maintain its condition and keep it mat-free. Irish Setters range in height from 24 to 28 inches (61 to 71 cm), males weigh 65 to 75 lb (29 to 34 kg) and females 55 to 65 lb (25 to 29 kg). The FCI Breed Standard for the males: 23 to 26.5 inches (58 to 67 cm), females: 21.5 to 24.5 inches (55 to 62 cm), with a life expectancy tends to be around 11 to 12 years. Irish Setters get along well with children, other dogs, and any household pets, and will enthusiastically greet visitors. Even though they do well with household pets, small animals may pose a problem for this breed, as they are a hunting breed.

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200px-Irish-terrier Irish Terrier The Irish Terrier is from Ireland, one of many breeds of terrier. The Irish Terrier is considered one of the oldest terrier breeds. The Irish Terrier is an active and compactly sized dog that is suited for life in both rural and city environments. Its harsh red coat protects it from all kinds of weather. The Irish Terrier should not be more than 48 cm measured at the withers. with the male weighing 15kg and the female 13kg. Irish Terriers are active dogs and need and enjoy consistent mental and physical challenges; well-trained Irish Terriers may do well at a variety of dog sports, such as dog agility. The Irish Terrier is full of life, but not hyperactive

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irishwaterspaniel Irish Water Spaniel The Irish Water Spaniel is a breed of dog that is the largest and one of the oldest of spaniels. and is one of the rarer breeds. The Irish Water Spaniel is a sturdy, cobby dog native to Ireland. The coat, consisting of dense curls, sheds very little. They are the largest of the Spaniel group. Dogs range in height from 22 to 24 inches (56–61 cm), and weigh 55 to 65 pounds (25–30 kg). As their name would imply these dogs love water. The Irish Water Spaniel is essentially an active, willing and energetic companion. Because it has been bred from stock used to fetch game and return it to hand without a fuss, it has the natural instinct of wanting to please.

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200px-Irish_Wolfhound_Sam Irish Wolfhound The Irish Wolfhound is a breed of domestic dog, specifically a very large sighthound from Ireland. The breed is very old; there are suggestions it may have been brought to Ireland as early as 7000 BC. The average height of an Irish wolfhound should be taller than that of a Great Dane with a minimum height as 32 inches (0.81 m) for mature males, 30 inches (0.76 m) for females; the minimum weight: 120 pounds (54 kg) for males, 105 pounds (48 kg) for females. Irish wolfhounds have a varied range of personalities and are most often noted for their personal quirks and individualism. An Irish wolfhound however, is rarely mindless, and despite its large size, is rarely found to be destructive in the house or boisterous.

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200px-Italian_Greyhound_standing_gray Italian Greyhound The Italian Greyhound is a small breed of dog of the sight hound type, the origins of the which are unknown. The Italian Greyhound is the smallest of the sighthounds, typically weighing about 8 to 18 lb (3.6 to 8.2 kg) and standing about 13 to 15 inches (33 to 38 cm) tall at the withers. The Italian Greyhound’s chest is deep, with a tucked up abdomen, long slender legs and a long neck that tapers down to a small head. The Italian Greyhound makes a good companion dog and enjoys the company of people. However, the breed’s slim build and short coat make them somewhat fragile, and injury can result from rough or careless play with children.

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jackrussel Jack Russell Terrier The Jack Russell Terrier is a small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting. It is principally white-bodied and smooth, rough or broken-coated. Jack Russells are first and foremost a working terrier. The small white-fox working terriers we know today were first bred by the Reverend Jack Russell, a parson and hunting enthusiast born in 1795. They are sturdy, tough, and tenacious, measuring between 10–15 inches (25–38 cm) at the withers, and weigh 14–18 pounds (6.4–8.2 kg). Their high energy and drive make these dogs ideally suited to a number of different dog sports such as flyball or agility. Obedience classes are also recommended to potential owners, as Jack Russells can be stubborn at times and aggressive towards other animals and humans if not properly socialised.

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japanese chin Japanese Chin The Japanese Chin also known as the Japanese Spaniel, is a dog acknowledged for its importance to Japanese nobility. Most dogs have two types of hair in their coat: an under and over coat. However, the Japanese Chin only has an over coat. They stand about 20 to 27 cm (8 to 11 inches) in height at the withers. Weight can vary from a low of 1.4 kg (3 lb) to a high of 6.8 kg (15 lb), with an average of 3.2 to 4.1 kg (7 to 9 lb) being the most common. This breed is considered one of the most cat-like of the dog breeds in attitude: it is alert, intelligent, and independent, and it uses its paws to wash and wipe its face. Their friendly demeanour, makes them good therapy dogs.

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200px-Keeshond_Majic_standing_cropped Keeshond The Keeshond is a medium-sized dog with a plush two-layer coat of silver and black fur with a ruff and a curled tail originating in Germany. It stands 17 inches (43 cm) to 18 inches (46 cm) tall and 19.25 inches (48.9 cm) ± 2.4 inches (6.1 cm) and weighs 30 pounds (14 kg) to 40 pounds (18 kg). Sturdily built, they have a typical spitz appearance, neither coarse nor refined. Keeshonden tend to be very playful, with quick reflexes and strong jumping ability. They are eager to please and very quick learners, which means they are also quick to learn things their humans did not intend to teach them.

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200px-Kerry_blue_terier_545 Kerry Blue Terrier The Kerry Blue Terrier is also known as the Irish Blue Terrier. Originally bred to control “vermin” including rats, rabbits, badgers, foxes, otters and hares, over time the Kerry became a general working dog used for a variety of jobs including herding cattle and sheep, and as a guard dog. The male is usually 46–48 cm (18–19 in) tall at the withers and weighs 12–15 kg (26–33 lb), while the female is usually 44–46 cm (17–18 in) and 10–13 kg (22–29 lb). They are strong-headed and highly spirited. Known as loyal and affectionate towards their owners and very gentle towards children but have often been considered downright mean toward other animals.

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200px-King_Charles_Spaniel_200 King Charles Spaniel The King Charles Spaniel (also known as the English Toy Spaniel) is a small dog breed of the spaniel type. The King Charles Spaniel is less popular than the Cavalier in both the UK and the US. The King Charles has large dark eyes, a short nose, a high domed head and a line of black skin around the mouth. On average, it stands 9 to 11 inches (23 to 28 cm) at the withers, with a small but compact body. The King Charles is a friendly breed, to the extent that it is not typically as suitable as a watchdog as some breeds, though it may still bark to warn its owners of an approaching visitor. It is not a high energy breed, and enjoys the company of family members, being primarily a lapdog.

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200px-Komondor_delvin Komondor The Komondor is also known as the Hungarian sheepdog, is a large, white-coloured Hungarian breed of livestock guardian dog with a long, corded coat. The minimum height of female Komondors is 25.5 inches (65 cm) at the withers, with an average height of 27.5 inches (70 cm). The minimum height of male Komondors is 27.5 inches (70 cm) with an average height of 31.5 inches (80 cm). Females on average weigh between 88–110 lb (40–50 kg) and Komondor males weigh on average between 110–132 lb (50–60 kg). The Komondor is built for livestock guarding. It is affectionate with its family, and gentle with the children and friends of the family and is instinctively very protective of its family, home and possessions.

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200px-Kuvasz_Prince_Juninho_Poster Kuvasz The Kuvasz is an ancient breed of a livestock dog of Hungarian origin. It is a large dog with a dense double, odourless coat which is white in colour and can range from wavy to straight in texture. Females usually weigh between 32–41 kg (70-90 pounds) while males weigh between 45–52 kg (100-115 pounds) with a medium bone structure. The Kuvasz is an intelligent dog and is often described as having a clownish sense of humour which can last throughout their adolescence and into adulthood. They are intensely loyal and patient pets who appreciate attention but may also be somewhat aloof or independent, as well as thoroughly cunning, particularly with strangers.

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Labradoodle Labradoodle A Labradoodle was created by crossing the Labrador Retriever and the Standard, Miniature or Toy Poodle. The term first appeared in 1955, but was not popularised until 1988, when the mix began to be used as an allergen-free guide dog. Labradoodles’ hair can be anywhere from wiry to soft, and may be straight, wavy, or curly. Labradoodles are generally friendly, energetic and good with families and children. They often display an affinity for water and strong swimming ability and, like their ancestors, are both amongst the world’s most intelligent dog breeds. Multi-Generational Labradoodles are being increasingly used as therapy and companion dogs.

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200px-YellowLabradorLooking_new Labrador Retriever The Labrador Retriever, also Labrador, is a type of retriever-gun dog. The Labrador is one of the most popular breeds of dog. A favourite disability assistance breed in many countries, Labradors are frequently trained to aid the blind, those who have autism, to act as a therapy dog and perform screening and detection work for law enforcement and other official agencies. Labradors are medium-large, with males typically weighing 65 to 80 lb (29 to 36 kg) and females 55 to 70 lb (25 to 32 kg). They have a kind, pleasant, outgoing and tractable nature. Labradors’ sense of smell allows them to home in on almost any scent and follow the path of its origin. They make an excellent family dog.

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200px-Lakeland_Terrier Lakeland Terrier The Lakeland Terrier takes its name from its place of origin, the Lake District in England. The dog is a small to mid-size member of the Terrier family. At 15-17 lb (7–8 kg), it is the smallest of the long legged, black and tan terriers. The Lakeland is similar in appearance to the slightly larger Welsh Terrier and is finer-boned. The dogs are friendly, bold, and confident. Shyness is very atypical, as is aggressiveness. Very intelligent and independent minded, they are quick to learn and easy to train though Lakelands often exhibit ‘selective deafness’ when their interest level is aroused. the Lakeland is energetic; daily exercise and playtimes are a must.

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200px-Leonberg-Male-Adulte-Ursus Leonberger The Leonberger is a giant dog breed. The breed’s name derives from the city of Leonberg in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. This Mountain dog comes with a generous double coat; it is a large, muscular, and elegant dog with balanced body type. Males weigh 120–170 lb (54–77 kg) — average 140–150 lb (64–68 kg) and females: 100–135 lb (45–61 kg) — average 115 lb (52 kg) standing 28 to 31.5 inches (71 to 80 cm) for males and 25.5 to 29.5 inches (65 to 75 cm) for females. First and foremost a family dog, the Leonberger’s temperament is one of its most important and distinguishing characteristics.

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lasaaps Lhasa Apso The Lhasa Apso is a non-sporting dog breed originating in Tibet. It was bred as an interior sentinel in the Buddhist monasteries, to alert the monks to any intruders who entered. Male Lhasa Apsos should ideally be 10.75 inches (27.3 cm) at the withers and weigh about 14 to 18 pounds (6.4 to 8.2 kg). The females are slightly smaller, and weigh between 12 to 14 pounds (5.4 to 6.4 kg). Lhasa Apsos are alert with a keen sense of hearing. The ideal Lhasa temperament is to be wary of strangers while being loyal to those closest to them. They can be very aggressive to strangers if they’re left untrained.

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200px-Lowchen Lowchen The Löwchen or Little Lion Dog is a small dog and are considered by some registries as a toy dog. In 1973 there were only 65 registered examples of the breed and at that time considered to be the rarest dog in the world. The Löwchen’s coat is long and flowing and comes in many colours. The Löwchen is a friendly, healthy and happy dog. Dogs of this breed are both active and playful, and very intelligent. and are an excellent house pet. The Löwchen doesn’t bark excessively, it is a rather quiet breed.

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200px-Maltese_600 Maltese The Maltese is a small dog in the Toy Group. It descends from dogs originating in the Central Mediterranean Area. This ancient breed has been known by a variety of names throughout the centuries. Characteristics include slightly rounded skulls, with a finger-wide dome, a black button nose and brown eyes. The body is compact with the length equaling the height. The coat is long and silky and lacks an undercoat. They weigh between 4 to 7 lb (1.8 to 3.2 kg) and normally stand 7 to 12in (18 to 30cm). Maltese are bred to be cuddly companion dogs. They are extremely lively and playful, and even as a Maltese ages, their energy level and playful demeanour remain fairly constant.

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200px-Mancherster_Terrier Manchester Terrier The Manchester Terrier is a smooth-haired terrier type. Manchester terriers are considered by most to be the oldest of all identifiable terrier breeds, finding mention in works dating from as early as the 16th Century. The Manchester terrier has a median lifespan of around 12.8 years and the toy variety 12.0 years. The toy Manchester terrier was originally recognised as a separate breed in 1938, bred down in size from the Manchester terrier. The toy Manchester terrier weighs less than 12 lb (5.4 kg). The Manchester terrier non-toy variety weighs 12 to 22 lb (5.4 to 10.0 kg)

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minpin Miniature Pinscher The Miniature Pinscher is a small breed of dog originating from Germany. A very old breed, the Miniature Pinscher is structurally a well balanced, sturdy, compact, short-coupled, smooth-coated dog. They should be should be 10–121⁄2 inches (25–32 cm) high with most desirable height 11–111⁄2 inches (28–29 cm) at the highest point of the shoulder blades. The ideal weight is 8–10 pounds (3.6–4.5 kg). The coat is short and smooth, with no undercoat. Miniature Pinschers are for experienced dog owners. The Miniature Pinscher is an assertive, outgoing, active and independent breed.

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200px-Miniature_Schnauzer_02 Miniature Schnauzer The Miniature Schnauzer is a breed of small dog of the Schnauzer type that originated in Germany in the mid-to-late 19th century. Miniature Schnauzers have a very square-shaped build, measuring 13 to 14 inches (33 to 36 cm) tall and weighing 10 to 15 pounds (4.5 to 6.8 kg) for females and 11 to 18 pounds (5.0 to 8.2 kg) for males. They have a double coat, with wiry exterior fur and a soft undercoat. They are described as alert and spirited, yet obedient to command… friendly, intelligent and willing to please… never overaggressive or timid. They are highly playful dogs.

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200px-Cannon_-_Male_Neapolitan_Mastiff_1998 Neapolitan Mastiff The Neapolitan Mastiff or Mastino / Mastini is a large, ancient dog breed. This massive breed is often used as a guard and defender of family and property due to their protective instincts and their fearsome appearance. Male Neapolitan Mastiffs should measure 26–31 inches (66–79 cm) at the withers, weigh 130–155 pounds (60-70 kg), while females should measure 24–29 inches (61–74 cm) and weigh 110–130 pounds (50–60 kg). The Neapolitan Mastiff is fearless and extremely protective of its home and family. They are extremely intelligent dogs with a tendency to be independent thinkers.

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newfoundland Newfoundland The Newfoundland dog is a large working dog. Newfoundlands can be black, brown, grey or white and black (called Landseer). However, in Canada, the country of their origin, the only correct colours are either black or Landseer. Males normally weigh 60–70 kg (130–150 lb), and females 45–55 kg (99–121 lb), placing them in the “Giant” weight range. They may grow up to 56–76 cm (22–30 in) tall at the shoulder. The Newfoundland dog is known for its calm and docile nature and its strength. They are highly loyal and make ideal working dogs. They are also ideal companions in the world of therapy and are often referred to as the nanny dog.

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200px-Norfolkterrier Norfolk Terrier The Norfolk Terrier is a British breed of dog. Prior to gaining recognition as an independent breed in 1960. The Norfolk Terrier has a wire-haired coat which can be all shades of red, wheaten, black and tan, or grizzle. They are the smallest of the working terriers. They are active and compact, free moving, with good substance and bone. The ideal height is 9 to 10 in (23 to 25 cm) at the withers and weight is about 11 to 12 lb (5.0 to 5.4 kg). Norfolks are described as fearless, but can have an independent streak. Outdoors, they are natural hunters with a strong prey drive for small vermin

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200px-Norwegian_Buhund_600 Norwegian Buhund The Norwegian Buhund is a breed of dog of the spitz type. It is closely related to the Icelandic Sheepdog and the Jämthund. The Buhund is used as an all purpose farm and herding dog, as well as watch dog. It has a square profile, is a little under medium-sized and sports a high set, tightly curled tail carried over the center of the back. The Buhund ranges in size from about 43 to 45 centimetre (17 to 18 inches) with the males being 43-46 cm (17-181⁄2 in) and females to 44 cm(171⁄2 in) high. The weight range is 14-18 kg (31–40 pounds) for males and 12-16 kg (26–35 pounds) for females. They are a highly cheerful and active breed. They do not tire easily and require extensive exercise on a daily basis.

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Norwegian_Elkhound Norwegian Elkhound The Norwegian Elkhound is one of the ancient Northern Spitz-type breed of dog and is the National Dog of Norway. The Elkhound has served as a hunter, guardian, herder, and defender. Ideally the dog stands about 19.5–20.5 inches (50–52 cm) high and weighs up to 23 kilograms (51 lb). Norwegian Elkhounds are bred for hunting large game, such as wolf, bear and moose. Although the breed is strong and hardy, the dogs typically have an inseparable bond with their masters and are quite loyal. All Elkhounds have a sharp loud bark which makes them suitable as watchdogs

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200px-Lundehund-2003 Norwegian Lundehund The Norwegian Lundehund is a small dog breed of the Spitz type that originates from Norway. The breed was originally developed for the hunting of puffins and their eggs. Their height: 30–40 centimetres (12–16 in) and weight: 6–7 kilograms (13–15 lb). Dogs of this breed are able to bend their head backwards along their own spine and turn their forelegs to the side at a 90-degree horizontal angle to their body, much like human arms.

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200px-Norwichterrier Norwich Terrier The Norwich Terrier is a breed of dog originating in the United Kingdom, and was bred to hunt small vermin or rodents. These terriers are one of the smallest terriers (11-12 lb, 5-5.4 kg; 9-10 inches (24-25.5 cm) at the withers), with prick ears and a double coat, which come in red, tan, wheaten, black and tan, and grizzle. These small but hardy dogs can be courageous, intelligent and affectionate. They can be assertive but it is not typical for them to be aggressive, quarrelsome or shy. They are energetic and thrive on an active life.

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200px-Tollers Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, or Toller for short, is a medium-sized breed of gundog bred primarily for hunting. It is the smallest of the retrievers, and is often mistaken for a small Golden Retriever. The breed originated in southwestern Nova Scotia, Canada, where they were used for tolling and retrieving ducks. They range in height from 17–21 in (43–53 cm) at the withers, and weigh 30–50 lb (14–23 kg), with females being slightly shorter and lighter (the breed standard does not specify weight). They are known to be very intelligent, alert, high-energy dogs. They tend to be very affectionate and outgoing animals with family members and are known for being very patient with children.

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200px-Old_english_sheepdog_Ch_Bobbyclown's_Dare_for_More Old English Sheepdog The Old English Sheepdog is a large breed of dog which was developed in England from early herding types of dog. It is immediately recognisable by its long, thick, shaggy grey and white coat, with fur covering their face and eyes. Height at the withers is at least 61 cm (24 in), with females slightly smaller than males.[5] The body is short and compact, and ideal weights are not specified, but may be as much as 46 kg (101 lb) for large males. The breed standards describe the ideal Old English Sheepdog as never being nervous or aggressive. The breed is a natural fit in a rural setting, such as working on a farm; although, with proper exercise and training, they are perfectly comfortable with a suburban or urban lifestyle.

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Two_otterhounds Otterhound The Otterhound is an old British dog breed. The origins are not known, however, they are considered to be the most endangered native breed in Britain. It is a large, rough-coated hound with an imposing head. Originally bred for hunting, it has great strength and a strong body with long striding steps. Otterhounds generally weigh between 80 and 115 pounds (36 and 52 kg). They have extremely sensitive noses which make them inquisitive and perseverant in investigating scents. Consequently, they need particular supervision when outdoors. They are friendly dogs with a unique bass voice which they use frequently.

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200px-RileyPapillon Papillon The Papillon, also called the Continental Toy Spaniel, is a breed of dog of the Spaniel type. One of the oldest of the toy spaniels, it derives its name from its characteristic butterfly-like look of the long and fringed hair on the ears, the French word for “butterfly” being papillon. The Papillon is a very intelligent and self-assured dog that has a very easy time learning new tricks and can live up to 17 years. The temperament of a papillon is a happy, friendly, adventurous dog. They are not shy or aggressive. Papillon’s make excellent family dogs but should be watched around little children.

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pekingese Pekingese The Pekingese (also known as the Lion Dog, Peking Lion Dog, Pelchie Dog, or Peke) is an ancient breed of toy dog, originating in China. The Pekingese’s flat face and large eyes are some of the breeds most obvious characteristics. The Pekingese weigh from 7 to 14 lb (3.2 to 6.4 kg) and stand about 6–9 inches (15–23 cm) at the withers, however they can sometimes be smaller. The breed was favoured by royalty of the Chinese Imperial court as both a lap dog and companion dog. They do have some health issues.

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Pembroke_Welsh_Corgi_600 Pembroke Welsh Corgi The Pembroke Welsh Corgi (Welsh for “dwarf dog”) is a cattle herding dog breed which originated in Pembrokeshire, Wales. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi lineage has been traced back as far as 1107 AD an has a life expectancy of 12-15 years. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has erect ears, which are proportional to the equilateral triangle of the head. They are very affectionate, love to be involved in the family, and tend to follow wherever their owners go. They have a great desire to please their owners, thus making them eager to learn and train.

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pharohhound Pharaoh Hound The Pharaoh Hound is a breed of dog and the national hound of Malta. Its native name is Kelb tal-Fenek in Maltese, which means “Rabbit dog”. The dog is traditionally used for hunting rabbit in the Maltese Islands. Based on DNA analysis, the breed has no link with Ancient Egypt. At first glance, the Pharaoh Hound should appear both graceful and elegant as well as powerful and athletic. Pharaoh Hounds tend to weigh up to 45-55 pounds on average. Males usually are 23-25″, while females are 21-24”. The Pharaoh Hound is independent-minded, highly intelligent, and occasionally stubborn, yet very trainable when positive methods are used. It is a very sensitive breed and responds poorly to compulsory training methods and to being physically punished.

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200px-English_pointer Pointer The Pointer, often called the English Pointer, is a medium to large-sized breed of dog developed in England as a gun dog. It is one of several pointing breeds. The coat of a Pointer is short, dense, smooth with a sheen. They are generally white with either liver, lemon, orange or black markings. Males stand 60-70cm and weigh 25-34kg while the females stand 58-66cm and weigh 45-65kg. Pointers are even-tempered, congenial dogs, and despite their large size, make good house pets so long as they get sufficient exercise due to their extremely high energy levels. Pointers are intelligent, affectionate, clean and intensely loyal.

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polishlowland Polish Lowland Sheepdog The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is a medium-sized, shaggy-coated, sheep dog breed native to Poland. It is a muscular, thick-coated dog. The double coat can be of any color or pattern. Males are 45 – 50 cm (18 – 20 inches) in height at the withers, while females are 42 – 47 cm (17 – 19 inches). Males typically weigh between 40 – 50 lb, females, 30 – 40 lb. Polish Lowland Sheepdogs are stable and self-confident. They have an excellent memory and can be well trained, but may dominate a weak-willed owner. PONs adapt well to various conditions, and are popular as companion dogs for apartment dwellers in their native Poland. PONs require a moderate amount of exercise daily.

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200px-Pomeranian_600 Pomeranian The Pomeranian (often known as a Pom or Pom Pom) is a breed of dog of the Spitz type, named for the Pomerania region in Central Europe (today part of northern Poland and eastern Germany). The breed has been made popular by a number of royal owners since the 18th century. Queen Victoria owned a particularly small Pomeranian. They are small dogs weighing 1.9–3.5 kilograms (4.2–7.7 lb) and standing 5.0–11 inches (13–28 cm) high at the withers. They are typically friendly, playful and lively but are often aggressive to other dogs. They are alert and aware of changes in their environment and barking at new stimuli can develop into a habit of barking excessively in any situation.

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200px-Silver_Miniature_Poodle_stacked Poodle The poodle is a group of formal dog breeds, the Standard Poodle, Miniature Poodle and Toy Poodle. Originally bred in Germany as a type of water dog, the breed was standardized in France. The poodle is an active, intelligent and elegant dog, squarely built, and well proportioned. Unlike most dogs which have double coats, poodles have a single layer coat (no undercoat is present) composed of dense, curly fur that sheds minimally. Poodles are known as a highly intelligent, energetic, and sociable breed. They require both physical and intellectual activities. Poodles are highly trainable dogs that typically excel in obedience training

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portuwatredog Portuguese Water Dog The Portuguese Water Dog is a breed of working dog originally from the Portuguese region of the Algarve where they were taught to herd fish into fishermen’s nets, to retrieve lost tackle or broken nets, and to act as couriers from ship to ship, or ship to shore. The Portuguese Water Dog is a fairly rare breed. This breed does not shed its hair. The hair is either wavy or curly. Portuguese Water dogs make excellent companions. They are loving, independent, and intelligent and are easily trained in obedience and agility skills. Once introduced, they are generally friendly to strangers, and enjoy being petted, which, due to their soft, fluffy coats, is a favour that human beings willingly grant them.

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200px-Fawn_pug_2.5year-old Pug The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. The breed has a fine, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colours, most often fawn or black, and a compact square body with well-developed muscles. Pugs were brought from China to Europe in the sixteenth century. Pugs are strong willed but rarely aggressive, and are suitable for families with children. The majority of the breed is very fond of children and sturdy enough to properly play with them. Pugs tend to be intuitive and sensitive to the moods of their owners and are usually eager to please them. They also tend to have a somewhat lazy nature and spend a lot of time napping.

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200px-PuliBlack_wb Puli The Puli is a small-medium breed of Hungarian herding and livestock guarding dog known for its long, corded coat. The tight curls of the coat, similar to dreadlocks, make it virtually waterproof. They are usually a solid-colored dog that is usually black. Females stand about 16.5 inches (42 cm) at the withers, and 17 inches for males. Females weigh 23-25 pounds, males slightly more. The Puli is an intelligent and active dog. They require obedience training while still young and if they get enough exercise can live in the city but are better when not kept as indoor pets in a small living space.

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200px-Rhodesian_Ridgeback_600 Rhodesian Ridgeback The Rhodesian ridgeback is a dog breed developed in Southern Africa, Zimbabwe. Its European forebears can be traced to the early pioneers of the Cape Colony of southern Africa, who crossed their dogs with the semi-domesticated, ridged hunting dogs of the Khoikhoi. The Rhodesian ridgeback’s distinguishing feature is the ridge of hair running along its back in the opposite direction from the rest of its coat. Male ridgebacks usually stand 25–27 in (64–69 cm) at the withers and weigh about 85 lb (39 kg). Rhodesian ridgebacks are loyal, intelligent, and somewhat aloof to strangers. This is not to be confused with aggression; a ridgeback of proper temperament will be more inclined to ignore, rather than challenge, a stranger

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Rottweiler Rottweiler The Rottweiler is a breed of domestic dog, regarded as medium-to-large or large. A Rottweiler is always, by any breed club standards, black with well-defined mahogany or rust-coloured markings that do not take up more than ten percent of the dog’s body colour. the Rottweiler stands 61 to 69 cm (24 to 27 in) at the withers for males, 56 to 63 cm (22 to 25 in) for females, and the weight must be between 50 to 60 kg (110–132 lbs) for males and 35–48 kg (77–105 lbs) for females. Weight must be relative to height. They are a calm, confident and courageous dog with a self-assured aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships.

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200px-Stbernardinsnow Saint Bernard The St. Bernard or St Bernard is a breed of very large working dog from Swiss Alps and north Italy and Switzerland, originally bred for rescue. The St. Bernard is a giant dog, with the largest individuals reaching over 140 kg (310 lb). The average weight of the breed is between 65–120 kg (140–260 lb) or more and the approximate height at the withers is 70 to 90 cm (28 to 35 in). The Saint Bernard is calm, patient and sweet with adults, and especially children. However St. Bernards, like all very large dogs, must be well socialised with people and other dogs in order to prevent fearfulness and any possible aggression or territoriality.

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200px-Saluki_dog_breed Saluki The Saluki is a dog which was historically bred in the Fertile Crescent. The Saluki is classed as a sighthound and is typically deep-chested and long-legged. They hunt by sight, run the quarry down, catch it, and kill or retrieve it. The normal size range for the breed is 23–28 inches (58–71 cm) high at the withers and 40–60 pounds (18–27 kg) in weight, with females being slightly smaller than males. An independent and aloof breed, but gentle and affectionate, they can be difficult to train and any such training should be gentle and patient.

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200px-Samoyed_600 Samoyed The Samoyed is a breed of dog that takes its name from the Samoyedic peoples of Siberia. Samoyeds have a dense, double layer coat. AKC Standard is 21–23.5 inches (53–60 cm) at the shoulder for males, 19–21 inches (48–53 cm) for females with the UK Kennel Club standard slightly shorter. Samoyeds’ friendly disposition makes them poor guard dogs; an aggressive Samoyed is rare. The breed is characterized by an alert and happy expression which has earned the nicknames “Sammie smile” and “smiley dog. They have a tendency to bark.

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200px-Schipperke_gismo_12 Schipperke A Schipperke is a small Belgian breed of dog that originated in the early 16th century.  Their small, pointed ears are erect atop the head. Schipperkes are double coated with a soft, fluffy undercoat.  They usually weigh 3–9 kg (7–20 lbs).  Known for a stubborn, mischievous, and headstrong temperament, it also chases small animals. The Schipperke is sometimes referred to as the “little black fox”, the “Tasmanian black devil”, or the “little black devil”.  They are naturally curious and high-energy dogs and require ample exercise and supervision.

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Schnoodle Schnoodle A schnoodle is a domestic dog. It is a cross between a schnauzer and a poodle. They make good pets and are often devoted and affectionate to their family. Schnoodles can be very excitable. They are friendly and accepting of both dogs and humans, but can have attachment issues with their owners. Like both parent breeds, schnoodles are usually active dogs and are impressive runners and jumpers; regular exercise and activity are necessary components of their lives.

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200px-ScottishTerrier Scottish Terrier The Scottish Terrier (also known as the Aberdeen Terrier), is popularly called the Scottie. They are a small breed of terrier with a distinctive shape and have had many roles in popular culture. They are a small, compact, short-legged, sturdily-built terrier of good bone and substance with a hard, wiry, weather-resistant coat. Height at withers for both genders should be roughly 25 cm (9.8 in), and the length of back from withers to tail is roughly 28 cm (11 in). They should weigh from 8.5 to 10 kg (19 to 22 lb) and a female from 8 to 9.5 kg (18 to 21 lb). It is about 10 to 11 inches (25 to 28 cm) in height. Scotties are territorial, alert, quick moving and feisty, perhaps even more so than other terrier breeds. The breed is known to be independent and self-assured, playful and intelligent

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200px-SealyhamTerrier2 Sealyham Terrier The Sealyham Terrier is a rare Welsh breed of small to medium-sized terrier that originated in Wales as a working dog. It is principally a white-bodied, rough coated breed, developed in the mid to late 19th century. The Sealyham Terrier should not exceed 12 inches (30 cm), measured at the withers or at the top of the shoulder blade. The ideal weight for a Sealyham is 8 kilograms (18 lb) for females, or 9 kilograms (20 lb) for males. Although happy in the company of others, they are fine if left alone. Sealyham Terriers are suited for both the town and country. They can be stubborn, vocal, and boisterous but also full of personality.

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200px-Shetland_Sheepdog_600 Shetland Sheepdog The Shetland Sheepdog, often known as the Sheltie, is a breed of herding dog. The general appearance of the Sheltie is that of a miniature Rough Collie. They are a small, double coated, working dog, agile and sturdy. Shelties normally weigh around 5–11 kilograms (11–24 lb). In general the males are taller and heavier than females. Shelties have a high level of intelligence. They are an intensely loyal breed, sometimes reserved with strangers but should not be shy or showing timidness and are often very good with children.

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200px-Taka_Shiba Shiba Inu The Shiba Inu is the smallest of the six original and distinct spitz breeds of dog from Japan. The Shiba’s frame is compact with well-developed muscles.[7] Males are 35 to 43 cm (14 to 17 in) at the withers. Females are 33 to 41 cm (13 to 16 in). The preferred size is the middle of the range for each sex. Average weight at preferred size is approximately 10 kg (22 lb) for males, 8 kg (18 lb) for females. Bone is moderate. Shibas tend to exhibit an independent nature and sometimes show dog aggression. This is more prevalent between female Shibas and is influenced by the breed’s strong prey drive.

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200px-Shih-Tzu Shih Tzu A shih tzu also known as the Chrysanthemum Dog, is a toy dog breed, weighing 10 – 12 pounds when full grown, with long silky hair. The Shih Tzu is a sturdy little dog with a short muzzle and large dark eyes. They have a soft and long double coat. A Shih Tzu should stand no more than 26.7 cm (10½ in.) at the withers. Although a Shih Tzu’s temperament varies from dog to dog, the breed has a personality and temperament that is loyal, affectionate, outgoing, and alert. Training and proper socialising must start at a young age for the Shih Tzu to obey basic commands as they are prone to stubbornness.

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200px-Siberian-husky Siberian Husky The Siberian Husky (Russian: Сибирский хаски) is a medium size, dense-coat working dog breed that originated in north-eastern Siberia. A Siberian Husky’s coat is thicker than that of most other dog breeds – it is able to withstand temperatures as low as −50 to −60 °C (−58 to −76 °F). Ideally standing between 21 and 24 inches (53 and 61 cm) tall at the withers and weighing between 45 and 60 pounds (20 and 27 kg). Females are smaller, growing to between 20 to 22 inches (51 to 56 cm) tall at the withers and weighing between 35 to 50 pounds (16 to 23 kg). A 6 ft (1.83 m) fence is recommended for this breed as a pet, although some have been known to overcome fences as high as 8 ft (2.44 m). Siberians need consistent training and do well with a positive reinforcement training program.

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200px-Skye_terrier_800 Skye Terrier The Skye Terrier is a breed of dog that is a long, low, hardy terrier and one of the most endangered native dog breeds in the United Kingdom. The Skye is double coated, with a short, soft undercoat and a hard, straight topcoat. The Skye Terrier is a hunting dog and enjoys a daily outing, exploring in a safe area. It also needs a short to moderate walk with its owner to stay in shape. The Skye enjoys life as a housedog, and prefers not to live outdoors. So, owners should not keep them outdoors as their natural habitats.

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200px-Sloughi_sandcolor Sloughi The Sloughi is a North African breed of dog, specifically a member of the sighthound family. It is found mainly in Morocco. In appearance, it is a short-haired, middle-sized, strong sighthound with drooping ears. It is of a sensitive nature yet is an alert and intelligent hound. It is said that Sloughis have a mighty longing for moving and that is not easy to keep them in flats with families; however, a Sloughi does not need more exercise than other dogs of similar size. It loves variety, walking on the leash, romping in the countryside, and racing. A Sloughi is faithful to his owner, sensitive and easy to train.

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200px-Dog2wheaten Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier The Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier is a pure bred dog originating from Ireland. An all-purpose farm dog whose duties included herding, watching and guarding livestock, and vermin hunting and killing. They range on average from 17 to 20 inches (43 to 51 cm) in height and about 30 to 45 pounds (14 to 20 kg) in weight. Soft-coated Wheaten Terriers are generally a long-lived breed. They are an energetic and playful dog requiring patience and consistent positive training. Harsh methods will often result in fear and/or aggression. Wheatens are considered less scrappy than other terriers.

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200px-Staffordshire_Bull_Terrier_600 Staffordshire Bull Terrier The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a medium-sized, short-coated breed of dog. It is of English lineage, and is one of several breeds generally considered to be within the pit bull type. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a medium-sized, stocky, and very muscular dog, with a similar appearance to the much larger American Staffordshire Terrier and American Pit Bull Terrier. he dogs stand 36 to 41 cm (14 to 16 in) at the withers and weigh 13 to 17 kg (29 to 37 lb) for males; females are 11 to 15.4 kg (24 to 34 lb). It is known for its character of fearlessness and loyalty. This, coupled with its affection for its friends, its off-duty quietness and trustworthy stability, make it a foremost all-purpose dog.

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200px-Emppumenossa Standard Schnauzer The Standard Schnauzer is a dog breed that originated in Germany in the 15th and 16th centuries. Generally classified as a working or utility dog, this versatile breed is a robust, squarely built, medium-sized dog with aristocratic bearing. Distinguished by their long beards and eyebrows, Standard Schnauzers are always pepper and salt or less commonly black in colour, with a stiff and wiry hair coat on the body similar to that of other wirehaired breeds. The smallest of the working breeds, the Standard schnauzer makes a loyal family dog with guardian instincts.

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200px-Sussex_spaniel_t43 Sussex Spaniel The Sussex Spaniel is a breed of dog developed in Sussex in southern England. It is a low, compact spaniel. It is normally no taller than 13–15 in (33–38 cm) at the withers and the usual weight range is 35–45 lb (16–20 kg) and normally between 17–20 in (43–51 cm) high at the shoulder, and weighing 55–85 lb (25–39 kg). The Sussex Spaniel is a slow paced, calm breed with somewhat clownish behaviour that normally keeps his energy and enthusiasm in check. He is always eager to be around people, is excellent around children, and can be quite protective of the family.

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200px-SwedishVallhundAgility_wb Swedish Vallhund The Swedish Vallhund is still a relatively rare breed, having been saved from extinction during the 1940s. Height for these dogs at withers should be for males 33 cm (12.9 in) and females 31 cm (12.2 in). A variation of -1 up to +2 cm is permitted. There is no weight standard. They are quite a substantial dog, with short legs. The dog’s coat should be short and harsh. This breed makes a great companion and can also be used for herding and ratting. They love human attention and are very devoted to their owners. They are a clownish dog, and can be a show-off at times.

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Tibetan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff The Tibetan Mastiff is a type of large Tibetan dog breed originating with the nomadic cultures of China, India, Mongolia, Nepal and Tibet, its use by local tribes of Himachal Pradesh was to protect sheep from wolves, leopards, bears, large mustelids and tigers. Males can reach heights up to 83 cm (33″). Dogs bred in the West weigh between 45–72 kg (100-160 pounds). The Tibetan Mastiff is considered a primitive breed. As a socialised, more domestic dog, it can thrive in a spacious, fenced yard with a canine companion, but it is generally not an appropriate dog for apartment living.

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200px-Tibetansk_spaniel Tibetan Spaniel The Tibetan Spaniel is a breed of assertive, small, intelligent dogs originating over 2,500 years ago in the Himalayan mountains of Tibet. They share ancestry with the Pekingese, Japanese Chin, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Tibetan Terrier and Pug. The Tibetan Spaniel has a domed head that is small, in comparison to its body. This breed grows to about 10 in (25 cm) at the shoulder, and the weight is 9–15 lb (4.1–6.8 kg). Extremely intelligent, the Tibetan Spaniel is one of the most cat-like dog breeds. Their favourite pastime is looking out the window at the world. Tibetan Spaniels are a social breed that need regular contact with their humans.

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200px-Tibetan-terrier-Blue-Blossom-Guldborg-Denmarkjpg Tibetan Terrier The Tibetan Terrier is a medium-size breed of dog that originated in Tibet. Despite its name, it is not a member of the terrier group. Also known as the “Holy Dogs of Tibet,” Tibetan Terriers were never sold, only given as gifts by monks to promote good fortune. The Tibetan Terrier is a powerful, medium-sized dog of square proportions, with a shaggy coat. They vary widely in height and weight, ranging from 14-16 in (35–41 cm) and is 18-30 lb (8–14 kg), with 20-24 lb (9.5–11 kg) preferred for either sex. They are amiable and affectionate family dogs, sensitive to their owners, and gentle with older children if properly introduced.

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200px-Toy_Fox_Terrier_2 Toy Fox Terrier The Toy Fox Terrier is a small terrier breed of dog, directly descended from the larger Fox Terrier but considered a separate breed. Toy Fox Terriers are small dogs with a muscular and athletic appearance. The height ranges from 8.5–11.5 inches at the shoulder (21.5–29.2 cm) and weight from 3.5-9 pounds. Toy Fox Terriers, like many active and intelligent breeds, can learn to respond to a number of words. They were used commonly in circus shows by clowns, and they are said to make great companions for owners with a good sense of humour.

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200px-Vizsla Vizsla The Vizsla is a dog breed originating in Hungary, which belongs under the Pointer group. The Vizsla is a natural hunter endowed with an excellent nose and an outstanding trainability. The Vizsla is a medium-sized short-coated hunting dog of distinguished appearance and bearing. Average Male height: 22–25 in (56–64 cm) Weight: 45–66 lb (20–30 kg) and for females a height of 21–24 in (53–61 cm) and weight of 40–55 lb (18–25 kg). Vizslas are very high energy, gentle-mannered, loyal, caring, and highly affectionate. They quickly form close bonds with their owners, children and even strangers.

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200px-Weimaraner_wb Weimaraner The Weimaraner is a large dog that was originally bred for hunting in the early 19th century. Early Weimaraners were used by royalty for hunting large game such as boar, bear, and deer. The Weimaraner is athletic in appearance an may have light amber, grey or blue-grey eyes giving it a distinctively regal appearance. The male Weimaraner stands between 25 to 27 in (64 to 69 cm) at the withers and the female between 23 to 25 in (58 to 64 cm). Males normally weigh roughly 70–80 lb (32–36 kg). Females are generally between 55–70 lb (25–32 kg). The Weimaraner is an energetic hunting dog, prized for its physical endurance and stamina, with a strong, instinctive prey-drive. They require vigorous exercise.

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200px-Welsh_Springer_Spaniel_1 Welsh Springer Spaniel The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a breed of dog and a member of the spaniel family. At one time called the Welsh Starter, it was used to spring game, originally for hunters using falcons. The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a compact, solidly built dog, bred for hard work and endurance. Male dogs are 18 to 19 inches (46 to 48 cm) high at the withers, with females a little smaller at 17 to 18 inches (43 to 46 cm). On average, members of the breed weigh between 35 to 45 lb (16 to 20 kg). The Welsh Springer Spaniel is active, loyal, and affectionate. The breed is well known for being friendly and demonstrative to all members of the family, especially children, and accepting other pets of the household with a friendly, playful attitude.

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200px-Welch_Terrier_on_sand_-_2007 Welsh Terrier The Welsh Terrier originates from Wales and was originally bred for hunting fox, rodents and badger, but during the last century it has mainly been bred for showing. The breed is a sturdy and compact dog of about medium size that can grow up to 15.5 in (39 cm) with a weight of 20–22 pounds (9.1–10.0 kg). The Welsh Terrier has a typical terrier temperament. In the right hands, it is a happy, lively, and seldom shy or timid dog, but sometimes can have an attitude. The Welsh Terrier is generally friendly with people and dogs but when a challenge is perceived, it will not back down.

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200px-West_Highland_White_Terrier_Krakow West Highland White Terrier The West Highland White Terrier, commonly known as the Westie or Westy, is a Scottish breed of dog with a distinctive white coat. Westies have bright, deep-set, almond-shaped eyes that are dark in colour. Its ears are pointed and erect. Members of the breed typically weigh between 15 and 20 pounds (6.8 and 9.1 kg), and the average height is between 10–11 inches (25–28 cm) at the withers. The body should be shorter than the height of the dog at the shoulder. The temperament of the West Highland White Terrier can vary greatly, with some being friendly towards children whilst others prefer solitude. It will not tolerate rough handling such as a child pulling on its ears, and can be both food and toy possessive.

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200px-WhippetWhiteSaddled_wb Whippet The Whippet also English Whippet or Snap dog is a dog breed of medium-size. They are a sighthound breed that originated in England, where they descended from greyhounds. Whippets were bred to hunt by sight, coursing game in open areas at high speeds. Whippets are a medium-sized dog weighing from 15 to 42 pounds (6.8 to 19.1 kg). There are two height ranges for Whippets, depending on whether the dog is being shown in North America or outside of North America. They are the fastest dog of their weight, capable of achieving speeds of 35 miles per hour (56 km/h). Whippets are quiet, intelligent, and not prone to barking, but require regular exercise.

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200px-Yorkshire_Terrier_WA_Mozart_Dolce_Sinfonia Yorkshire Terrier The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog breed of terrier type, developed during the 19th century in Yorkshire, England, to catch rats in clothing mills. The defining feature of the breed is its maximum size of 7 pounds (3.2 kg), although some may exceed this and grow up to 15 pounds (6.8 kg). It is placed in the Toy Terrier section of the Terrier Group. The typical fine, straight, and silky Yorkshire Terrier coat has also been listed by many popular dog information websites as being hypoallergenic. The ideal Yorkshire Terrier character or “personality” is described with a “carriage very upright” and “conveying an important air.” Though small, the Yorkshire Terrier is active, very overprotective, curious, and fond of attention.

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